Interpretation of the "12th Five-Year Plan" for Smart Power Grid Major Science and Technology Industrialization Project Q: What is the significance of implementing the smart grid major science and technology industrialization project? A: The smart grid is an important platform for implementing new energy strategies and optimizing the allocation of energy resources. Power generation, transmission, substation, power distribution, Power Supply and dispatch will use advanced information and materials technologies to achieve large-scale access and utilization of clean energy, improve energy efficiency, and ensure safety, reliability and quality. Power supply. The implementation of a major science and technology industrialization project for smart grids is of great significance to the adjustment of energy structure, energy conservation and emission reduction, and response to climate change.
Q: What is the current overall situation of smart grid construction in various countries around the world?
A: The world's smart grid construction process has been fully launched. Many countries have established smart grid construction goals, action routes, and investment plans. At the same time, they have combined their respective regional regulatory mechanisms, current grid infrastructure, and social development. Targeted different smart grid strategies. For example, the US Smart Grid Initiative is committed to building a safe and reliable modern power grid in the context of aging infrastructure, and improving the efficiency of the power-use side and reducing the cost of electricity; the EUâ€™s super-smart grid plan uses distributed power and renewable energy sources. Large-scale use of the main objectives, while focusing on improving and improving energy efficiency.
Q: In the current smart grid field, what are the major research hotspots?
A: Looking at the process of building smart grids in various regions of the world, the hot spots of the smart grid include: 1 Large-scale renewable energy power generation access technologies and their joint operation technologies with large-scale energy storage; 2 large grid interconnections and long-distance Transmission and related control technologies; 3 Distribution automation and microgrid; 4 User-side smart metering and demand response technologies.
Q: In what context did China's development of the smart grid come up?
Answer: Summarizing the status quo of China's energy and power development, it faces two basic realities: First, the lack of energy resources, it is difficult to support the current social and economic development model, and the geographical distribution of energy resources and electricity demand is extremely uneven; second, climate change is spawned. The low-carbon socio-economic development model is pressing on the development of the power system. To meet the pressures of energy demand and climate change, various new and renewable energy power generation development targets are to be used as an alternative to traditional thermal power generation instead of supplemental power supply, and the grid-connected technical problems brought about by the intensive development model go far beyond Other countries and regions in the world. The construction of a smart grid can achieve a full-scale technological leap in all aspects of power generation, power transmission and transformation, power distribution, and power grid operation control. On the basis of continuous improvement of transmission and distribution capabilities of the power grid, a large-scale development will be achieved through the advanced integration of advanced technologies. The use of new energy and renewable energy, comprehensively improve the intelligentization level of large-scale power grid operation control, improve power transmission and power supply capacity, resist major faults and natural disasters, improve service capability and level of power supply, and realize the leap-forward development of China's power grid .
Q: What relevant industries need to be laid out for the development of smart grid in China?
A: In order to support the development of smart grids, it is necessary to lay out the following industries: 1 Clean energy generation, smart grid construction will greatly increase the capacity of the grid to accept intermittent clean energy; this is a prerequisite for the further rapid development of clean energy; 2 Clean energy generation Equipment manufacturing, such as wind power generation, solar power generation, etc.; 3 New material industries, such as photoelectric conversion materials, energy storage materials, insulation materials, superconducting materials, nano materials, etc.; 4 Grid equipment manufacturing industries, such as new power electronic devices, transformers, etc. ;5 information communication, instrumentation, sensing, software, etc.; 6 new energy automotive industry. In addition, smart grids also involve consumer electronics such as home appliances.
Q: What are the contents of the "12th Five-Year Plan" of the "Smart Grid Major Science and Technology Industrialization Project"?
A: The "plan" is divided into five major parts: situation and needs, development ideas and principles, development goals, key tasks, and safeguard measures.
Q: What is the general idea of â€‹â€‹"Planning"?
A: Combine with China's national conditions, meet the needs of the country, rely on independent innovation, take enterprises as the main body, strengthen cooperation between industry, universities and research institutes, overcome key technologies, form a standard system, complete demonstration projects, and implement extension applications, accelerate the smart grid industry chain and have international competitiveness. The formation of the enterprise has achieved an international technological superiority position, promoted international standardization work, promoted the development of clean energy, and won greater initiative and influence for the country in responding to global climate change and other international affairs.
Q: What is the overall goal of "Planning"?
Answer: Break through the core key technologies of large-scale intermittent new energy power grid connection and energy storage, smart power distribution, smart grid smart dispatching and control, intelligent equipment and other smart grids, and form a smart grid technology system and standard system with independent intellectual property rights. The establishment of a more complete smart grid industry chain, basically built a smart grid characterized by information, automation, and interaction, and promote China's power grid from the traditional grid to the efficient and economical, clean and interactive modern power grid upgrade and leapfrogging. In the field of demonstration projects and industrial cultivation, 20-30 smart grid technology demonstration projects and 3-5 smart grid integrated demonstration projects were completed, and 5-10 smart grid demonstration cities and 50 smart grid demonstration parks were constructed, and investments were made. Technology radiation drives the technological innovation and development of industries such as energy, transportation, manufacturing, materials, information, sensing, and control, nurtures strategic emerging industries, drives the development of related industries, and creates a number of internationally competitive technology-based companies. Build a group of large enterprises with independent intellectual property rights and well-known brands, strong core competitiveness, outstanding main business, and leading industry.
Q: What are the key tasks of the "planning" deployment?
A: There are nine key tasks: large-scale intermittent new energy grid-connected technologies, grid technology supporting the development of electric vehicles, large-scale energy storage systems, smart electricity distribution technologies, intelligent power grid operation and control technologies, and intelligent power transmission and transformation. Technology and equipment, power grid information and communication technology, flexible transmission and transformation technology and equipment, smart grid integration and comprehensive demonstration. Each key task includes several specific tasks.
Q: What are the specific technologies that need to be studied in this important task of "Smart Grid Operation and Control?"
A: For example, intelligent grid dispatching supports the integration of key technologies; state awareness, overall modeling, risk assessment and fault diagnosis technologies for large grids; key technologies for multi-level and multi-dimensional coordinated energy-saving optimization scheduling; and online security analysis for coordinated optimization of parallel computing platforms Technology; large power centralized transmission system damping control technology; based on wide-area information of large grid AC-DC intelligent coordinated control and emergency control technology.
Q: What is a comprehensive demonstration of smart grid integration?
A: The smart grid integrated demonstration is the key technology for the development of the first phase of the key technologies for smart grids that will be launched with priority under the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ 863 plan. In a relatively independent geographical area, a covered power generation, transmission, distribution, and use will be established. The integrated integration demonstration project of electricity and energy storage smart grids can realize comprehensive testing, experimentation and demonstration of various technologies in the smart grid, and study the feasible commercial operation modes of the smart grid, forming an overall display of the future smart grid form. It reflects the characteristics of low-carbon, high-efficiency, compatible access, and flexible interaction.
Q: What safeguard measures are in place to ensure the realization of the goals of the "Plan" and the smooth implementation of all key tasks?
A: First, strengthen organizational leadership and improve management mechanisms. Establish multi-sector coordination mechanisms to strengthen linkages and coordination among various departments, between power grids and power generation companies, between power grids and power users, and internationally and domestically; to establish overall expert groups to strengthen the top-level design of scientific and technological actions; The implementation of energy development strategies and plans will be coordinated with the deployment of smart grid technology research and development and demonstration applications.
Second, strengthen technical cooperation and integrated innovation, and strive to create a smart grid technology research and development environment that is conducive to independent innovation. For example, the State Grid Microblog Company and China Southern Power Grid Co., Ltd. take the lead in organizing equipment manufacturing companies, colleges and universities, and research institutes to establish a strategic alliance for smart grid industry technology innovation. At the same time, we have set up national key laboratories and engineering centers in basic institutions of higher learning, research institutes, and enterprises, and industrialized bases in areas where conditions permit.
Third, give full play to the role of national high-tech industrial development zones and state-level high-tech industrialization bases, accelerate the industrialization of achievements, promote the construction of innovative industrial clusters, and appropriately select the technical path and industrial route around the major objectives defined in this special project. Effective measures to promote the formation of industrial clusters and innovative development.
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